Regional Security of Radioactive Sources




RSRS Overview

In 2004, Australia, through the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), created the Regional Security of Radioactive Sources (RSRS) Project.

In establishing the Regional Security of Radioactive Sources (RSRS) Project, ANSTO partnered with United States National Nuclear Security Administrations' (NNSA) Radiological Threat Reduction component of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative, delivered by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the programs of the International Atomic Energy Agency to form the South East Asian Regional Radiological Security Partnership (RRSP)*.


* See the IAEA Director Generals 2006 Annual Report on Nuclear Security, section H.4.



The intent of the partnership is to cooperate with Australia's regional neighbours in Southeast Asia to improve the security of their radioactive sources. This SE Asian RRSP supports all countries' objectives to:


  • Improve the security of high risk radioactive sources by raising awareness of the need, and developing national programs;
  • Protect and control such materials;
  • Improve the physical protection and security management of such materials;
  • Recover and condition the materials no longer in use; and
  • Prevent or mitigate the consequences of security breaches or malicious acts.


To date, joint activities have included assistance with the improvement of regulatory infrastructure for the control of radioactive sources, training on the physical protection and security management of radioactive sources, technical train-the-trainer programs, development of security plans and procedures, training and assistance with the search, location, identification and securing of orphan radioactive sources and overall assistance with implementing the IAEA Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources.


Since the inception of the partnership, ten Southeast Asian nations have participated in a range of activities from receiving general training on the security of radioactive sources to receiving specialised equipment and training to locate orphan or abandoned radioactive sources. By having a shared vision and objectives for radioactive source security in the Southeast Asian region to satisfy international best practice such as the IAEA Code of Conduct, ANSTO, the USNNSA and South East Asian countries have been able to develop a successful partnership which has effectively utilised the resources of each partner.



Workshops, reports, papers and presentations   

Three aspects of the RSRS Project work were presented at the International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining the Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, held in Abu Dhabi from 27 to 31 October 2013:


  1. International Cooperation on Radioactive Source Security in South East Asia [paper];
  2. Enhancing Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response in South East Asia Through Applied Training and Capability Development [paper], [presentation];
  3. Improving the Security of Radioactive Sources in Industrial Radiography and Well Logging [poster].

See the latest papers describing RSRS project activities click here.



Regional Review Meetings 


  • The first review meeting of the RRSP activities and achievements occurred in July 2008 in Bali, Indonesia, hosted by the Indonesian National Nuclear Regulatory Agency (BAPETEN): see 2008 RRSP Review Meeting Report.
  • The second review meeting was held in Da Lat, Vietnam, from 9-12 March 2010.  It was hosted by the Vietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (VARANS).  See the 2010 RRSP Review Meeting Report.
  • The third review meeting was held in Bohol, the Philippines, from 18-20 January 2012.  It was hosted by the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI).  See the 2012 RRSP Review Meeting Report.
  • The fourth review meeting was held in Phuket, Thailand, from 11-14 February 2014.  It was hosted by the Thailand Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP).  See the 2014 RRSP Review Meeting Report.


For more information contact:


Andrew Popp

Consultant Health Physicist

ANSTO Radiation Services

Tel: +61 2 9717 9664