Gamma irradiation and dosimetry services

ANSTO operates a range of cobalt-60 gamma irradiators for small scale irradiation of a wide range of products, and to various doses. 

Forms and terms of business


ANSTO's unique gamma irradiation facilities enable it to accurately deliver high doses of radiation with a precision not achievable in industrial-scale irradiators. 
Applications of gamma irradiation include food irradiation (biosecurity), agriculture, horticulture, radiobiology (including animal studies), radiotherapy dosimetry, polymer modification, vaccine development, medical devices and biotechnologies. Examples include Sterile Insect Technique, medical product verification dose experiments (to ISO 11137) and frozen human tissue sterilisation.


Irradiation services capabilities 

Dose rates0.001 to 30 Gy.min-1
Doses10 mGy to 1 MGy
Temperature–78 °C (under dry ice) up to room temperature
Product sizeUp to 1 m3



High dose dosimetry service

ANSTO manufactures and calibrates radiation dosimeters for use in monitoring doses in high dose irradiation applications. The dosimeter measurements are traceable to the Australian standard for absorbed dose.
These reference standard dosimeters can provide traceable calibrations for routine dosimeters used by any provider of gamma irradiation services worldwide.
Our dosimeters can be used to calibrate any gamma radiation field from small blood irradiators to large industrial pallet or tote irradiators. Manufacturers of sterile medical products may conduct quality control checks on the dose delivered to their products in industrial irradiators.
Dosimeters are manufactured following international best practice for dosimetry in radiation processing (ISO 17025 and ISO/ASTM standards). The group provides a supply and measurement service. It also supplies calibrated dosimeters to customers for irradiation and, upon return, report dosimeter readings. More information on high dose dosimetry service.

Dosimetry systems

DosimeterDose rangeUncertainty (95% confidence)
Fricke50 – 350 Gy 2.0 %
Ceric Cerous (Low dose)1 – 12 kGy    3.0 %
Ceric Cerous (High dose) 10 – 50 kGy 3.5 %

Regulatory requirements


In a highly regulated environment, Radiation Technology maintains a quality management system that complies with the following licences, standards and guidelines.

TGA Licence For the radiation treatment of therapeutic goods
Biosecurity LicenceFor the radiation treatment of goods subject to Australian quarantine
ARPANSA Licence For the safe operation of radiation facilities
ISO 13485 Regulatory requirements for the control of radiation processing of medical devices
ISO 9001  Quality management system requirements
The group also adheres to the principles of the following standards and guidelines:
ISO 11137 Substantiation of the sterilising dose for medical devices. 
ISO 17025 and ISO/ASTM International best practice for dosimetry in radiation processing.



To discuss potential research that can be conducted using the group's gamma irradiation and high-dose dosimetry services, or to obtain more information, please contact:
Gamma Irradiations
Ph: +61 2 9717 3441 or email: