Prof Klaus-Dieter Liss

Instrument Scientist
Bragg Institute
Phone - +61 2 9717 9479
Klaus Dieter profile image


Role at ANSTO


Klaus-Dieter Liss is a senior researcher and instrument scientist (DINGO, WOMBAT) at the Bragg Institute. In the recent years, his research group focuses on neutron and synchrotron diffraction methods for the investigation of thermo-mechanical processes, including in situ and time-resolved measurements and pioneering experiments to study phase transformations, microstructure evolution, order and disorder, and defect kinetics. Klaus-Dieter is an Honorary Professor at the University of Wollongong.


For several years, he also held an ANSTO Senior Research Fellowship, which was complemented in 2013/14 by a fellowship at JAEA in Japan.


Before joining the Bragg Institute at ANSTO in 2004, Klaus-Dieter spent most of his career as senior scientist in major large user facilities. He was responsible scientist and beamline manager for High-Energy X-Rays at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, followed by senior scientist positions at GKSS, DESY, and TUHH in synchrotron materials science.


His PhD was undertaken in neutron and X-ray optics at the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) and honored at RWTH Aachen in 1995. Before, he studied General Physics at the TU München, with Diploma Thesis equally at the ILL (1990).


Qualifications and Achievements


  • Published ~100 research articles in international journals & magazines.
  • Presented more than 35 invited lectures at international conferences and meetings in the past 10 years.
  • Organized several international workshops/conferences/schools in the areas of synchrotron X-ray and neutron scattering, materials science, and engineering.
  • Inaugural Senior Research Fellow at ANSTO in 2007.


Areas of Expertise


  • neutron diffraction
  • synchrotron high-energy X-ray diffraction
  • diffraction optics
  • dynamical theory of diffraction
  • time resolved measurements, from seconds to picosecond time scales
  • single crystals, polycrystals, powder materials
  • metallurgy
  • titanium aluminide intermetallics
  • steels
  • light metals
  • phase transformations

Selected publications

K. Yan, D. G. Carr, M. D. Callaghan, K. D. Liss, and H. J. Li, Deformation mechanisms of twinning-induced plasticity steels: In situ synchrotron characterization and modeling, Scr. Mater., 62, 246-249 (2010)


Y. L. Sun, D. D. Qu, Y. J. Sun, K. D. Liss, and J. Shen, Inhomogeneous structure and glass-forming ability in Zr-based bulk metallic glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 356, 39-45 (2010).


K. Yan, K.-D. Liss, U. Garbe, J. Daniels, O. Kirstein, H. Li and R. Dippenaar, From Single Grains to Texture, Advanced Engineering Materials 11, 771-773 (2009). (from KOWARI, featured on the cover of Advanced Engineering Materials)


T. Schmoelzer. K.-D. Liss, G. A. Zickler, I. J. Watson, L. M. Droessler, W. Wallgram, T. Buslaps, A. J. Studer and H. Clemens, Phase fractions, transition and ordering temperatures in TiAl-Nb-Mo alloys: an in- and ex-situ study, accepted for publication in Intermetallics (2010). (from WOMBAT).


U. Garbe, O. Kirstein, A. Studer, V. Luzin and K.-D. Liss, "Texture And Strain Experiments At OPAL", Materials Science Forum 638-642, 2823-2828 (2009). (1st paper from KOWARI


K. D. Liss, T. d'Almeida, M. Kaiser, R. Hock, A. Magerl, and J. F. Eloy, Time-resolved x-ray diffraction study of laser-induced shock and acoustic waves in single crystalline silicon, J. Appl. Phys., 106, Art. No. 044914 (2009).


Y. J. Sun, D. D. Qu, Y. J. Huang, K. D. Liss, X. S. Wei, D. W. Xing, and J. Shen, Zr-Cu-Ni-Al bulk metallic glasses with superhigh glass-forming ability, Acta Mater., 57, 1290-1299 (2009).


K. D. Liss, U. Garbe, H. J. Li,T. Schambron, J. D. Almer, and K. Yan, In Situ Observation of Dynamic Recrystallization in the Bulk of Zirconium Alloy, Adv. Eng. Mater., 11, 637-640 (2009).


I. J. Watson, K. D. Liss, H. Clemens, W. Wallgram, T. Schmoelzer, T. C. Hansen, and M. Reid, In Situ Characterization of a Nb and Mo Containing gamma-TiAl Based Alloy Using Neutron Diffraction and High-Temperature Microscopy, Adv. Eng. Mater. 11, 932-937 (2009).


K. Yan, K.-D. Liss, U. Garbe, J. Daniels, O. Kirstein, H. Li, and R. Dippenaar, From Single Grains to Texture, Adv. Eng. Mater. 11, 771-773 (2009).


L. A. Yeoh, K. D. Liss, A. Bartels, H. Chladil, M. Avdeev, H. Clemens, R. Gerling, and T. Buslaps, In situ high-energy X-ray diffraction study and quantitative phase analysis in the alpha plus gamma phase field of titanium aluminides, Scr. Mater. 57, 1145-1148 (2007).


K. -D. Liss, A. Bartels, H. Clemens, S. Bystrzanowski, A. Stark, T. Buslaps, F. P. Schimansky, R. Gerling and A. Schreyer, A Study of Recrystallization and Phase Transitions in Intermetallic Titanium Aluminides by In-Situ High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction, Mater. Sci. Forum 539-543, 1519-1524 (2007).


K.-D. Liss, A. Bartels, H. Clemens, S. Bystrzanowski, A. Stark, T. Buslaps, F.-P. Schimansky, R. Gerling, A. Schreyer. "A study of recrystallization and phase transitions in intermetallic titanium aluminides by in-situ high-energy X-Ray diffraction", THERMEC 2006, Materials Science Forum / Advanced Materials Research, submitted (2006).


K.-D. Liss, B. Hunter, M. Hagen, T. Noakes, S. Kennedy. "ECHIDNA - The new high-resolution powder diffractometer being built at OPAL", Physica B, in press (2006).


K.-D. Liss, A. Bartels, H. Clemens, S. Bystrzanowski, A. Stark, T. Buslaps, F.-P. Schimansky, R. Gerling, C. Scheu, A. Schreyer. "Recrystallization and phase transitions in a gamma-TiAl based alloy as observed by ex- and in-situ high-energy X-ray diffraction", Acta Materialia, 54, p 3721-3735 (2006).


Tapan Chatterji, K.D. Liß, T. Tschentscher, B. Janossy, J. Strempfer, T. Brückel. "High-energy non-resonant X-ray magnetic scattering from EuAs3" Solid State Communications 131, 713-717 (2004).


D. P. Siddons, K.-D. Liss, J. B. Hastings, G. Grübel. "Nuclear fluorescence using high-energy synchrotron radiation", Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation, T.Warwick et al., Editor, 8 p. 1178-1181 (2004).


K.-D. Liss, A. Bartels, A. Schreyer, H. Clemens. "High energy X-rays: A tool for advanced bulk investigations in materials science and physics" Textures and Microstructures 35, 219-252 (2003).


K.-D. Liss, M. Kaiser, R. Currat, F. Denoyer, J. Hlinka, R. Hock."Kinetics of the field induced commensurate to ferroelectric phase transition in thiourea" Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 36, A172-A176 (2003).


K.-D. Liss, R. Hock, M. Gomm, B. Waibel, A. Magerl, M. Krisch, R. Tucoulou."Storage of X-ray photons in a crystal resonator" Nature 404, 371-373 (2000).


W. Reimers, M. Broda, G. Brusch, D. Dantz, K.-D. Liss, A. Pyzalla, T. Schmakers, T. Tschentscher. "Evaluation of residual stresses in the bulk of materials by high-energy synchrotron radiation" Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation 17,  129-139 (1998).


K.-D. Liss, A. Royer, T. Tschentscher, P. Suortti, A. P. Williams, "On high resolution reciprocal space mapping with a triple crystal diffractometer for high-energy X-rays" Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 5, 82-89 (1998).


K.-D. Liss, A. Magerl, R. Hock, A. Remhof, B. Waibel. "Towards a new (Q, t) regime by time-resolved X-ray diffraction: ultra-sound excited crystals as an example" Europhysics Letters, 40(4), p. 369-374 (1997).


J. Neuefeind, K.-D. Liss, "Bond angle distribution in amorphous germania and silica" Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie 100, 1341-1349 (1996).


K.-D. Liss, A. Magerl, J. R. Schneider, W. Zulehner, "In situ neutron diffraction study of lattice deformation during oxygen precipitation in silicon." Journal of Applied Physics, 70, p. 1276-1280 (1991).


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