The environment inside the ITER fusion reactor will be extremely challenging for materials, in particular the reactor wall. Advanced materials are required that can withstand extreme radiation, extreme heat, plasma chemistry and thermo-mechanical stresses.
Advanced materials research, which involves the synthesis, modelling and characterisation of materials is undertaken at ANSTO and Australian universities.
ANSTO’s expertise in the development and characterisation of advanced materials used in extreme environments, such as nuclear reactors, as well as our capacity to irradiate materials with ions to damage them, is relevant to fusion research.
ANSTO’s neutron diffraction and synchrotron techniques are highly useful in characterising advanced materials.